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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  January 13, 2020 6:00pm-7:00pm PST

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judy:ood evening. on the newshour tonight, backlash in iran. massive publicrotests are met ngth violence followi the admission that iran's military shot down a passenger jet. en, impeachment trial is imminent. as the u.s. senate prepares for this next step, we examine the strategies being employed by both sides. and, caught stealing. major leag baseball tries to root out cheating in the digital era. and, queen elizabeth rains in on prince harry and meghan michael's declaration of independence. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.
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this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. judy: the government of iran is under intense pressure tonight after admitting its forces shot down a passenger a.liner last we protests rocked the islamic republic throughout the weekend and today. we begin with this report from nick schifrin? nick: the iranian regime wanted to unite the country. instead, regime actions led demonstrators to unite in tearing him down.r heree straight days iranians have protested t government. cell pne videos from tehranra show demonstrs chanting shame on the revolutionary guards.
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many protesters were student furious the revolutionary guards shot down a passenger jet last week after denying it for three days. at f a weekend vigil the crash victims, the sign read, the government's lies killed us. relatives of those killed blame the regime. >>e are gathered here because of some people's inefficiencies, inadequacies. nick: only seven days ago, hundreds of thousands of irians mourned major general qasem soleimani, killeroin a u.s. d strike in iraq. this weekend, the regime tun ed their gunseir own people. show a woman shot in the leg by police forces. at one point, a hugero started running for their lives. you can hear theear gas canisters fired at protesters by police. >> the protests are immediately
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responding to iran's admission of guilt, shooting down the ukrainian acraft. but i think theses protee much bigger and much larger and more significant than simply that event. nick:rossor at the university of denver. he calls theses prote a reflection of previous iranian demonstrations, including late gas prices and the 2009 greened movement, when protesters called for social freedoms and the revers of an election nsidered rigged. >> a new generation of young peop have been born and raised in the islamic republic that have a different vision for the future. these young people aspire to democracy, greater freedoms, huma rights, but they are living in a deeply authoritarian system that is committed to denying them those aspirations. nick: president trump encouraged
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the protests and warned the regime. heea tweeted, to thers of iran, do not kill your protesters. thousands have already been killed in prison by you and the world is watching. the next day, presidentd trump retwee image that marked top congressional democrats a. tools for ir press secretary stephanie grisham went even further. >> i think the psident is making clear that the democrats nhave been parroting iran talkg points and almost taking the side of terrorists. nick: senior administration officials struggled t synchronize their story as to why they targeted soleimani. >> i can reveathat i believe it would he been four embassies and i think that probably baghdad already started. nick: but on face the nation, secretary of defense mark esper declined to repeat that. >> the president didn't cite a
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specific piece of evidence. he sd he believed -- >> are youaying there wasn't one? >> i didn't see one. what i'm saying is i share the preside's view that my expectation is they were going to go after embassies. nick: trump administration officials believe a maximum pressure campaign is working. criticsarn the policies are strengthening iran's hardliners and the cycle ococonfrontation inues. feeling emboldened by these is protests. the iranian government is ieg no mood foriation. judy: nick schifrin joins me now. we are just hearing this experts u.s. and iran is likely toe continue. is the united states interested >> nick: nick: that is the stated goal of what theha u.s been doing in the past, but we see a subtle shift awayis from emphasn negotiations.
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this happened especially in uwe presidential this weekend, the president responding to a atstatement by thenal security advisor suggesting that the maximumss pe campaign would force iran to negotiate. le president responded, i couldn't cas if they negotiate. by the way, he retweeted that message. the officials said, our priority is getting iran to change its bevior, stop supporting terrorism, give up ballistic missiles and its nuclear program , and there are multiple ways to get iran to do that. the message from the president and this official is w want behavior chae, but we are not going to emphasize negotiations, and that does mean the tension will incree. iran doesn't want to negotiate under the current circumstances. and under this current serious threat in iran. we not only saw the students protesting.
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we saw the accidental arrest of a british ambassador. on saw high-profile deflec weven saw criticism from haine newspapers. iran doe have a serious problem. ju in the meantime, continued discussi over how imminent the threat was before general soleimani s killed. that president trump didlls me authorize the strike on soleimani months ago. that means that was regardlnts of the curhreat. but senior administration officials tell me hereauthorizee days before the strike. that means there are these dual instincts from the administration that reflect these dual talking points. you have the pentagon, state department, cia pushing for a large response, and those same people sing the scenes in baghdad, seeing this u.s. official die, and wanting to
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judy: nick schifrin, thank you. stephanie: i'm stephanie sy in newshour wt. as the u.s. senate returns to work, the impeachment trial of president trump is starting to take shape tonight our white house correspondent yamiche alcindor reports that the white house asbelieves at four reanpublwill vote to call witnesses. house speaker nancy pelosi is expected to transmit theea articles of iment to the senate this week. today party leaders in the senater stuck to thsitions about how the trial should be conducted. >> the senate was never going to pre-commit ourselves to redoingh prosecutors homework.
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we were never going to allow the speaker of the house to dictate >> when leader mcconnell talks aboutlk precedent, he's g about witnesses, plain and simple. so the democratic request for four factitnesses and three specific sets of revant documents is very much in line with our history. stephanie: we will have more on the impeachment trial after the news summary. bcoryker suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination today. he sai he could not raise the funds to continue. book's exit leaves a dozen democrats still running. s,in economic nhe top u.s. trade negotiator said the u.s. china on a key sticking point, currency manipulation. thatun is when a y devalues its currency for compitive advantage. the u.s. that it would no longer designate china as a currency
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manipulator. it is all part of a preliminary tradeo eal signed by president trump wednesday. conditions eased somewhat after a weekend of extreme wind and heat. drone video showed charred bush land, destroyed homes, and empty husk of cars in victoria state. the death toll reached 28. a volcano in the philippines began spewing lava today, forcing thousands of people from their homes. the volcano is erupting about 40 les south ofanila. jane the of independent television news has our report. >> one of the philippines smallest but most explosive volcanoes. it sits on an island in a lake created by a bigger volcano. created its own weather,h it including lightning. this morning, the first lava
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went up,toeading scientist twarnhere could be an explosive eruption within the next few hours or days. people have en leavi an eight mile danger zone. families with babies and bleary-eyed children, most of them heading for manila. >> we are evacuating. we've left all of our belongings. when the volcanowe erupted, ran ay. thick ash and pebbles were falling. >> morning revealed ashen countryside, homes blanketed by dust there are fears of toxic gas, and if there should be an explosive mix of magma and water , the volcano coulrainown shards of glass. around 16,000 people have been evacuated so far. the president has promised to visit the area tomorrow.
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first signs of a entare the eruption. like that in 1965. then, the volcano killed hundredshe they died asslept. this time the authorities want to get everyone to a safe distance. from which to watch and wait. nick: stephanie: that report from independent television news. at least 54 people are dead across afghanistan and pakistan after winter storms brought heavy snow and flash floods. southwestern province in pakistan was hardest hit when snow closed roads and collapsed roofs. authorities in both countries struggled today lear roads and move people to safety. in this country, 21 sau arabia military trainees in the u.s. are being sent home after last month's shooting at a navy base in florida. another saudi student killed
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three people before being killed himself. the fbi reported today that none of the others knew of the attack in advance, but many had contact with child pornography and hadist material. the u.s. attorney general reported the findings in washington. >> this was an act of terrosm. the evidence shows the shooter was motivated by jihadist ideology. during the course of the investigation, we learned that the shooter sted a message on september 11 of this year, stating the cntdown has begun. stephanie: a former pharmaceutical executive was sentenced to nearly three years in federal prison today after being accused of helping to fuel the national opioid epidemic. michael gurry and seven others were convicted of charges related to the overprescribing of a fentanyl based painkiller. recovery efforts are underway after severeeaer swept the
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midwest and south, killing 11 people. roads, cars, and homes in southeastern oklahoma were nearly submerged and tornadoes leveled homes in alabama and south carolina. the east had record january heat. it was 72 degrees i boston on sunday. still to come on the newshour, republicans and democrats t preparir strategies ahead of the senate impeachment trial. our team breaks down a busy queen elizabeth looks for waysto ccommodate prince harry and meghan markle as they step back from royal duties, and much more. >> this is the pbs newshour from weta studios in washington and in the west from walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university judy: tonight it is still up in the air exactly when the start
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date will be for the third impeachment trial ever of an american president. right now all signs point to this week. speaker nancy pelosi signaling that the against president trump will be transmitted to the senate soon. what will the road ahead look like? lisa de chardin and yamiche alcindor are here to talk us through all of that. so much to follow once again. lisa, give us the broad outline of what you are looking for this ek. lisa: it starts tomorrow when speaker pelosi meets with her caucus at the capital. that is when we expect to find out what he plan is. the caucus supports her. we will get a formal announcement. it breaks down to a few procedural things. theymeave to pass of
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managers in the house itself and then the senate can formally begin the trl. it does look like all that can happen this week. probably not the substance of the trial, but we could see the chief justice of the supreme court as he is called to o don up this trial and read the oath's to the senators. we mayn not know w opening statements could begin. judy: literally walking it over. lisa: from one side of the capital to the other. youl w see the house managers walk to the senate. judy: yamhe, what do we know about what the white house would ke to happen? when do they want it to begin? how do they want it to begin? miche: the president and the white house want this to begin as soon as possible. they've been pushing forre terms thatavorable for the president. the president hassaying.gh what he's been communicating on twitter.
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he wrote, many believe the senate -- here's a very long descriptor. no evidence, no crime, no pressure, impeachment hoax, rather than outright dismissal, it gives the partisan democratic witchhunt credibility that it otherwise does not have. ,ju that is translation for he wants all the charges dismissed. he doesn't want a trial to be held at all. he also went afterouse speaker nancy pelosi and adam schiff who he has targeted in the past. here's what he tweeted about them. uswhy did nerancy allow shifty shift to lie before congress? he must be a witness and so should she. the president saying, i want charges dismissed,ut if we ha witnesses, we should have leaders of the democratic party. he's also been pushing for hunter biden. the botm line is that the white house feels as though the
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president ed being tre unfairly and they want a trial that says, here are all the oithings the democrats are wrong. judy: lisa, whe it comes to making the decisions, how does that get done? lisa: the senate actually has pages and pages of rules about impeachmt. some have been iplace for over a hundred years, somein 1986. after senators are sworn in formally as the jury for this trial, they will take a vote ong the starrocedure. this is what mitch mcconnell has been talking about. they will set up opening arguments. after opening arguments, which we expect next week at this what to do next.e will decide 51 senators can agree on anything tdo next, including calling witnesses. we could see round after round of votes. votes on hunter biden, votes on
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whether members of the staff at the white house should come, ything that gets 51 votes could happen. there's one other exception. some like senator collinof maine are trying to work out a deal so they can avoid the partisan show or partisan fight that may be republiatns and demo would agree on some witnesses, not others. right now that feels like a long shot. judy: trying to preserve some orde but we will see. lisa: right. judy: the white house doesn't want this to happen, but how ari they pre to deal with it? yamiche: theresident and white house aides have been working throughout t week and the weekend to prepare for the senate impeachment trial. they've been calling senators. they've been beefing up the legal team. the white house counsel is going to be the lead lawyer on the president's team, but he's also going to be bringing on j
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secular, attorney forenhe pres and there are other names floating around, including former congressman trey gowdy, famous lawyer alanz, dershow people the president thinks might defend him in a way that being treated unfaw people he's the president is very concernhi abou legacy, very concerned that he's been impeached. i just got off the phone with a on the impeachment strategy and that person tells me the white house feels as thoughfot was ready christmas to have the senate trial, that they feel they are good. that means the white house is feeling good about the defense they are about to put on for the president. judy: we will see. yamiche alcindor, lisa de chardin, thank you.
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with just three weeks until iowa was first in the nation presidential caucuses, and increasingly close race is exposing new rifts among the candidates. li is back with this report. >> when millions stand up and fight back, there is nothing that will stop us. lisa: the democratic presidential field still numbering in the double digits. >> todayus i'mnding my campaign for president. lisa: cory booker ended a campaign that had pushed for nation unity. just as vermont senator bernie sanders and massachusetts senator elizabeth warrenan ned their year-long nonaggression pact. >> i was disappointed to hear that bernie is sending his volunteers out to trash me. i hope bernie reconsiders and
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turns his campaign in a different direction. lisa:a warren responding t leaked sanders campaign sipt distributed to volunteers and published by politico. itd attacrren by charging educated affluent voters andhly says that she is bringing no new bases into the democratic party. >> elizath warren is a very good friend of mine. lisa: sanders himself denied a role in the strategy and distanced himself from the campaign volunteers involved. >> pple sometimes say things they shouldn't. have i ever said one negative word about elizabeth warren? lisa: new polling thin fight in isla. friday's des moines register poll had sanders narrowly in the lead, earning 20% support from likely democratic ucus-goers, with warren statistically tied. followose behind, pete buttigieg and joe ben at 15%.
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biden topped today's poll with 24%, with sanders, warren, and buttigieg tied in second. to the judge also spent the last few days in iowa touting the endorsement of a prominent iowa congressman.but the candidate ad some ctroversy. >> t ink you have your facts a little wrong. lisa: the former mayor confronted protesters challenging his on race, including on policinus and g for african-american communities. >> can we agree that we can talk about thll respectfuy? lisa: with a number of candidates camping out in isla, others are putting their marks on the states that follow. for a surging new hampshire. biden looking to cement his lead in nevada and ctert hispanic
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there. >> i can assure you one thing. my cabin and my administration will look like america. lisa: and former new yorkity mayor michael bloomberg campaigning with television rsonality judge judy in texas. staked has nomination chances on the lone star state and others which vote in march. >> i'm so honored to have you here. i would love to tell you that i watch you all day every day but i have a few other thingso do. lisa: a dozen candidates still crisscrossing the cotry. six will face off tomorrow night in des moines in the democratic debate. for the pbs newshour, i am lisa desjardins. dy: i'm now joined abouby our politics monday team, amy walter and tamra keith of npr.
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hello to both of you. it ismo politicay. we are just 21 days from the iowa caucuses. let's start with these polls. friday we had the pole come out with bernie sanders on top, a lot of conversation, elizabeth warren, pete buttigieg, joe biden behind him, but then today, there's another poll that has joe biden on top with 24%. d then bunched behind hi bernie sanders, pete buttigieg, elizeth warren. what is going on? >> thet b thing to do at this point is say, one of people could win the nomination. no one should be surprised on election night. eth real question in my mind is who has the most to lose or. ga
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if you are elizabeth warren, pete buttigieg, and bernie sanders,re islly is a slingshot for you. they are all hoping that the win in iowa is going to give them montum to overtake the person who is leading in the national e bidenwhich is and maybe that is enough to undercut joe biden's lead nationally and in some of these states that come afterward. if you are joe biden, you can afford to lose ila, but you can't come too far back. it ione thing being a close second or third, but if you are far enough back, the debate becomes, if joe biden flops, who can take up that mantle? judy:s said, it is 21 days between now ando who knows what could happen, but are we seeing the shape of thisace or
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not? >> we have pretty consistely seen those four people at the top. ere's been a lot of movement in that top pack, but pretty consistently they've been the top fo. the caucuses are thiin fascinating in iowa. as you both know well,hey go to gymnasiums, big rooms, ande f a candidsn't viable in that room, then people are persuading their neighbors. second choice matters a lot in nylon. -- in iowa. the fact that they are also close and so many voters haven't decided and could support other peoplepu, i a lot of volatility into this race. are talking about is going to matter. we will bealking about impeachment, iran, health care. that can fit into one of those
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various candidates' wheelhouse or something that is more ofem problem for judy: one person we are not going to be tcoking about is booker. he showed up seventh in the morning registerol what do we know about what was h behi decision? >> what he saidd was beh was what he said publicly, goouble raising money to keep a national campaigg. i think what it really speaks to is how diffilt it is to break through even as a well-established political figure in washington, in a field that is so crowded, but with everybody knows jbe biden and ie sanders and what their brand is. breaking through with your own unique message and identity is a lot haer than it looks. this is what is really remarkable. here we are 30 weeks away from
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iowa. we have a democraticar that is all aboutot women,s of color, youngeroters, and at te top of the polls aee older white folks and three whitey men and oe woman. judy: amy klobuchar still trying very hard in iowa, and in the meantime, you have this sniping, i guess you could call it, surfacing between be sanders , a little bit with joe bidenwa over his iravote, but then between him and elizabeth warren. what does that say to you about bernie and elizabeth? >> there was a nonaggression pact and iteems that the nonaggression pact has been broken. i think it is not a coincidence that ahead of this last debate befor. the caucus this is a critical moment.
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they are sniping at each other in relatively nice talking about how they are disappointed in the other candidate'sig cam, and how disappointing this all is. but it does point to the fact that elizan th war a candidate who stands in the way of bernie sanders being able to completely consolidate progressive support. if you look at theld fthere is a split. there are progressive candidates and more moderate establishment candidates. if you add them up, they are bernie sanders sees a path w potentially ning the nomination or at least gaining momentumnd elizabeth warren is someone who stands in that path. judy: if they are going to distinguish themselves, they need to do it qukly. >> they have distinguished themselves. people know who they are and what they stand for.
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the challenge is, nobody has en able to really consolidate thatg. sort of progressive w so i doubt you are going to see a fight between them on the debate stage. it doesn't do either of them any good to get in a fight there. but what you will see is each of them trying to put the debate on terms of what democrats are talking about. elizabeth warren wants this to be a debate about the economy. bernie sanders would love to be talking about health care. joeiden would love to be talking about experience. judy: one other figure who is not gog to be on the stage is president trump, but he is tweeting like mad, and --ittling, more than sniping he made fun of cory booker dropping out. cae mike bloomberg mini mike
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bloomberg. he's still talking about elizabeth warren as pocahontas. can the candidates ignore this? >> they largely have. president trump has a nickname for everyone. i would say get used to the tweeting. it is going to continue. he wants to be part of the conversation. he's trying to inject himself into the conversation. another sign of that, he has announced aally the thursday before the caucuses in des moines. judy: do we have time for one more thing? no. next week. you can tweet about it. thank you very much. stay with us. comingon up, the hou astros
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fire their coach and general manage following revelations of cheating. across the u.s. every year, millions of people are forced out of their homes. while these evictions are usually thought of in economic terms, a problem of housing supply income, a growing body of research is showing that evictions alsoake an enormous toll on people's health. william bd ngham trave richmond, virginia, a city with e second-highest evictio right in the nation. william: first sergeant larry richmond sheriff's office, this is what a typical morning looks like. >> the average would be anywhere from 40 to 50 a day. william: they crisscross the city serving evictions. >> i get there, people want to
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curse me out, but i understand that. you have to give them that they are losing me. william: it is a scene that unfolds in richmond more oftenny than almost aere in the country. and those evictions can stay on aenter's record for at least a decade. >> there aregh r 18,000 eviction lawsuits filed every year. william: marty is an attorney at the legal aid society, nonprofit that represents low income tenants. he says richmond's eviction rate spiked for many reasons. >> we have a shortage of affordable housing. we have a poverty rate of 25% in we have gentrification. we have a history of racial segregation, state-sponsored racial segregation. william: virginia has long been considered a frieny state for landlords, with a host of laws that make it cheapan, quick
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relatively easy to evict tenants. >> the filing fee in virginia is $58. by comparison, in abama, i is $250. william: but that also extracts a real toll on the people being evicted. leticia is a single mother who lives in public housing in richmond. >> when you get that knock o the door, what is that like? >> scary. your heart drops and you don't know what to do. in mye c and a lot of other cases, they have nowhere else to go. where they are at is where they depend on to lay their head. william: she works seven days a week as a home health aide, feeding, bathing, and caring for elrly clients. she sayshe is constantly afraid she won't have enough to pay her rent. >> they will put it on youstdoor and alk away. william: that is the notification that sbes you are
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g evicted. >> they will let you know if you still haven't paid this by this day, you have to be gon by this time or the sheriff will be there. william: she's always been able to come up with enough money to avoid eviction but she says her family is still living right on the edge. they had to recently move for a more pressing issue. her last-place made her son's asthma much worse. >> he does inhalers, treatments, he takes.al medicine >> that is a lot for a four-year-old. >> but he got used to it. william:r she says thd tsartment had rats and the walls and air vere covered in mold. >> my docto would s we can't be in that apartment because it is a health hazard. william: the majority of low
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income renng families in the u.s. spend over 50% of their income on housing. and according to catherine howell and ben teresa of virginia commonwealthiv sity, that often forces families to accept substandard housing afterhey've been icted. >> this is a problem that is lasproportionately felt by people and in particular black women. william: the he spent the last few years mapping where evictions are happening in richmond. >> when you look at the preponderance of unsafe and unfittructures, you see a lot of overhead -- overlap in the neighborhood that may be the most important part of your health. william: megan is a pediatrician who has written extensively on the links between housing and health. rse led a team of researc who interviewed more than 20,000 families in five cities.
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>> we found that those families that were homeless and behind on rent had similar adverse health outcomes, which signaled that homelessness isad, but behind on rent just bad -- just as bad for kids health.william: a e found that mental health was the most commonly cited complaint of those facingct en, including depression, anxiety, and insomnia, and even for families not facing eviction, housi instability can be just as detrimental. back in richmd, carmen candelaria has been living she now works two jobs,r years. translator for a local hospital and a hotel banqueterver. >> myot pictures had the ds everywhere. william: she and her dghter have moved four times in the last eight years because she
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says her ohm's were all unsafe to live in. a little over a year ago, she moved into ts rent subsidized apartment, but almost having health problems. >> she had a lot obreathing problems. she had a lot of fever. shortness of breath, which i thought was asthma. william: candelaria complained about what she said was frequent mold and dampness in the apartment, but she claims the landlord igned her. she believes it is still making has caused a new problem.s it >> last year she missed 27 days of school. i also called out 27 times. william: so that you could be home with her? >> and taking her to doctors appointments and picking her up from school. cif itinue to call out due to
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health issues, i am fired. william: last fall, rhmond's mayor unveiled a pilot program to help about 500 families avoid eviction. the prograset aside nllrly half $1 n to help tenants pay overdue rent. housing is foundational if you are able to hava safe, quality roof over your head, and that gives you the ability to put food on the table, it is going to help youise up that economic ladder. william: meanwhile, leticia says she's tired of having to live in places that e says make her son sick, but she can't affor anything betght now. >> does he understand this is going on? william: i don't think he does. he just knows he's tired of being sick. william: for the pbs newshour, i'm william brangham in richmond, virginia.
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judy: the british monarchy is in the midst of one of its most tumultuous times in recent memory. today queen elizabeth said she would be open to a new arrangement that would allow prince harry and meghan markle to pursue a life outside their the statement followed an extraordinary meeting today. amna nawaz fills in the picture. amna: the queens atement was made after meeting with prince charles. would have preferred them to remain full-time working members of the royal family, we irunderstand tish to live a more independent life while family.ng a valued part of my discuss this and what is ahead is robert lacey.
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hihe's orian on the royal family and a consultant to the netflixeries the crown. welcome to the newshour. start us off with some context here. how big a deal is it that there are members of the royal family who are deliberatkey trying to step back from this institution? >> i think it is a moment to rank with the fancy latin name for all the disasters in the 1990's with the royal marriage is going wrong, the windsor castle burning. perhapsbd even theation of 1936. if it doesn't workha out, prince y and meghan have expressed their intention ofg, abdicat and in that sense you could saye thisng was a result of a certain sort of blackmail. amna: let's talk about what we do know. we are still very early stages inerms of h this arrangement will play out. what do you know abo how thi
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kind of arrangement might even work? >> based opln p i've talked to, i think it has every chance of working. eawe've today confirmation that thewill settle in canada, at least for a period of transition. while they workut how they are going to do the other thing in the statement. they do not want to be reliant on public funds. that is a y. taxpayers money is tet refrain thatrepeated. every british taxpayer pays about 1.24 or so in their taxes every year to the royal family. that might seem smallor all the fun and pleasure they give us, and it also actually is small sum for thebrillions they ingn in tourist revenue, but this issue has got the country
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pretty divided. amna: lete k you about the way harry and meghan presented this. they said they want to carve out a progressive new role within this institution. can they coexist, a progressive new roleis within nstitution that traces its roots to medieval time? >> the strength of the royal family is its ability to adapt to change, its realization that of the people.esent the values my prediction is that this tricky question of the money -- the british taxpayer doesn't feelng aggrieved, is go be solved by some american foundation. f the creation big sussex royal fodation in america. it willth fund alr good activities and theirvi crusading aces in north america and around the world. this is not the end of the story. they are now going to haggle
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over the details. and the sort of details will be, what are you going to crusade for in your new foundation? find to get involved in community development, racial equality. once you stray into women's politics and that sort ofre, maybe that will be trespassing tional and ver important political and social neutrality of the royal faly. amna: would be remiss if i didn't ask about the reports and analysis we've seen in t days since the announcement that what iowas underlying their dec was also the disproportionate criticism meghan received, a lot ueled by racism in britain. what do you make of that? >> there was terrible racism on the internet and in socils media , butthe british tabloids subjected meghan to the sort of
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hazing that all royal women have to go through. kate went through it. camilla went through it. that is a real grievance, understandable. from harry's point of view, there's been this existence of a rift that has been marring his relationship with his brother william for 18 months n. that is why harry himself was not averse to going and undoubtedly supported his wife in her wish. amna: is thisse a s of how a modern monarchy can work? >> my view is that it is a positive model for the future. ju at the time we are leaving looking across the atlantic, here's the royal family ahead of them, and the british royal family has in a way reinvented itself. amna: that is robert, historian of the royal family, joining us from london.
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thank you very much. baseball is a game o traditions, but the major league baseball commiioner made clear day that teams may not use 21st century techniques to carry out one age-old practice,di de the signs catchers used to communicate with pictures. john yang has the details on the cheating scandal. today that in e 2017 season when the the houston astros used an elaborate system to tell matrs whic pitch was coming that involved a video camera at their home stadium, a monitor near the dugout, and banging on a trashcan. commissioner robert manfred today suspended general manager jeff luhnow and field manager aj hinch for the 2020 season. later, team oer jim crane took
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it further when he fired them. >>toe wan be known as playing by the rules. we broke the rules. we accept the punishment. it is very unfortunate. neher one of those guys implemented this or pushed it through the system. it came from the bottom up. itre isy clear how that happened. but neither one of them did that is unfortunate and the consequences are severe. john also fining the astros $5 millionpe and strthe team of their top picks in the 2020 an 2021 drafts.he handed down a onr suspension from baball to a former astros assistant general manager for a tirad directed at female sports reporters during last year's playoffs. dave covers baseball for the washgton post. runners on second have
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traditionally tried tde the signals the catchers were sending. whenever a runner reached second base, the catchers would always change it up a little bit. so why is this different? whys tg response from the commissioner? >> number one, i think baseball does not want some sort of digital arms race going on to see which team could come up with the fanciest new equipment to decode signs. secondly, it also created longer games because catchers have togo hrough these intricate systems of signs and change them up from inning to inning, day-to-day, batter to batter, to combat this espionage. it has created longer games and the last thing baseball needs is people to question the outcome of games, especially world series games, when one team has
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better digital equipment than the other. hn: longer games, something to fight against.ll is trying the commissioner said this was rgely a player driven system, that coaches other than alex cora, now bench coach --heow manager ofoston red sox, were not really involved. at the same time, he saidt he's nishing any players. why is that? >> first i think it is generally assumed that players on a team are going to talk to each other movements, pitch tipping, if they pick up on a catchers sign, they may bring that information back to the dugout and confer with teammates. that has bee part of baseball forever. the fact that the astros ratcheted this up is more indicative of a culture of permissiveness within the astros
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and that is whataseball is coming down on. you read the statement. there were some very pointed criticism about the astros cultures stilled by the general manager and manager and that is where, according to rob manfred, the responsibility for this falls. boston red sox, thenager at the commissioner's office is investigating a similar sign stealing system at the red sox in 2018 when he took over the commissioner said he hasn't decided the penalty yet. what do you think we should expect when that comes down ainst alex cora? >> i think that given his clearn involv as a participant or even instigator of the astros scheme and the evidence that the red sox in 2018 were using a similar scheme, i wouldhink
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that the punishment would have to be at least as severe as what was handed down to hinch, which is a one-year suspension, and thenp it is the red sox to decide whether they are going to fire their manager the same way the astros did. i think everybody is expecting that punishment toeve at least ase. john: how much of a bck mar against baseball is this? >>g that is a fascinat question. baseball, like all major sports, is seeing an increase and influx in gambling, the legalizaon of gambling throughout the country is part of the equation her, because the integrity of the game and the individual games and outcomes has never been more imrtant than it is in lhe era alized gambling. this is a major black mark on the spt. to me it is the largest cheating
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scandal in baseball since the bobby thompson 1951 new york giants that won the planet and their players admitted decades later that they had been ealing signs with binoculars and buzzers. this is as bigot as that if bigger. john: thanks very much. judy: fascinating story. on the newshour online right now, people from all around the world united to lend some comfor to australia's wildlife amid those deadly fires. thousands of rescue items have been made and sente but s handmade donations might not be right for the animals in need. wlearn more on osite. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us a online anin here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thanyou. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been prov by --
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foundation, committed to building a more just and peaceful world. and with the ongoing support of these institutions. this program was made possible by the corporation for pubc broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs ikstation from viewersyou. thank you. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.] >> this is pbs newshour west from weta studios in washington and from the walter oonkite schoolf journalism at arizona state university.
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ -today on "america's test kitchen," t makes julia the ultimate pizza al taglio, jack challengeget to a taste test of black pepper, and dan malas bridget pasta ricia.

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